Background and Objectives: Noise-induced hearing loss is a major preventable occupational hazard. The electromagnetic fields emitted from mobile can penetrate skull and deposit energy 4-6 cm into the brain resulting in heating of the tissue. The overall prevalence of primary headache disorders was found to be 664/1000. Main outcome measures comprised the evaluation of epidemiological profile, clinical features, and results of audio vestibular investigations like Pure Tone Audiometry with and without glycerol, Impedance Audiometry, Electrocochleography (ECohG), Distortion Product Otoacoustic Emission and Electronystagmography (ENG). Results: Among 154 patients included for study, 73 were male and 81 were female. But they are also aware that the application of engineering and/or administrative controls is frequently not feasible in the developing countries for technical and financial reasons. This article will review various studies which demonstrate adverse effects of occupational noise, lack of awareness about NIHL and uses of hearing protection devicess among traffic police in developing countries.
. Among those at risk, and who attended phase II of the study, the prevalence of audiological and/or otological disorder was found to be 90.58% and that of speech and language disorder was 9.42%. The review of literature shows that there is limited number of studies regarding the nature and characteristics of tinnitus in individuals with ANSD.11 Chandan et al.11 reported that tinnitus is mostly bilateral (89.5%) and seen more often in females (70.52%) in individuals with ANSD. Conclusions: Audiological and/or otological disorders were found to be more prevalent among communication disorders in the selected population. In general, males showed a higher prevalence of communication disorders compared to females. Proportions were calculated. Understanding how stigma affects family members in terms of both their psychological response to the ill person and their contacts with psychiatric services will improve interactions with the family.